Bexar County, in the central part of the state, was created in 1836 shortly after Texas declared it's independence and separated from Mexico. The name was taken from the earlier Mexican administrative unit named San Antonio de Bexar, which dated from the early eighteenth century when Spanish settlements first appeared in the area. When the Spanish first arrived, late in the seventeenth century, they found the area thinly populated with Coahuiltecan, Tonkawa, and Lipan Apache Peoples, but archeological findings from the Clovis culture indicate that humans have lived in the area for at least ten thousand years.
The county seat is the city of San Antonio which is located on the San Antonio River. San Antonio payed a central role in the Texas War of Independence and is one of the more important tourist centers in Texas today.