Wandering Lizard
Arizona

An online magazine with information related to attractions, lodging, dining,
and travel resources in selected areas of Arizona

Mohave County

Pipe Spring National Monument

Archeological evidence indicates that Pipe Spring was used by hunters-gathers long before the birth of Christ. In about 300 B.C. Ancestral Puebloan People appeared on the scene. By 1250 the Ancestral Puebloans were replaced by the Kaibab Paiute People. Spanish missionaries traveled through the area in 1776 and a Mormon missionary visited in 1858. In 1866 Mormon pioneer James Whitmore established a ranch centered on the spring. He was killed in 1866 while attempting to recover some livestock stolen by Navajo raiders. In 1868 Mormon militiamen built a stone fort at Pipe Spring as a stronghold against Navajo raids. The existing structure, "Winsor Castle," was constructed in 1870, by Mormon pioneers Anson and Emmeline Winsor. They operated a Mormon tithing ranch in support of the construction of the Mormon temple in St. George, Utah.

Pipe Spring National Monument
Pipe Spring National Monument
Pipe Spring National Monument
Pipe Spring National Monument
Apache County | Cochise County | Coconino County | Gila County | Graham County
Greenlee County | La Paz County | Maricopa County | Mohave County | Navajo County
Pima County | Pinal County | Santa Cruz County | Yavapai County | Yuma County
Arizona Index | Map of Arizona Counties